Why Hand Washing with Soap is Important: 4 Reasons You Should Know
Why Hand Washing with Soap is Important: 4 Reasons You Should Know

Why Hand Washing with Soap is Important: 4 Reasons You Should Know

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Hand washing with soap is a crucial activity that everyone should incorporate into their daily routine, yet many still don’t do it often enough or properly. In fact, a study has revealed that only 83% of people wash their hands appropriately after using a public toilet. This increases the risk of contracting illnesses from the viruses and bacteria left lurking on surfaces. This article highlights four reasons why hand washing with soap is essential for better hygiene and disease prevention.

1. Prevents Diseases

Hand washing with soap helps to remove bacteria and dirt that may contain harmful viruses and germs known to cause infections. According to a study by the US National Library of Medicine National Institute of Health, washing hands with soap is an effective way to prevent the spread of diseases like diarrhea, respiratory infections, and parasitic infestations. Before handling food, cooking, or even breastfeeding a baby, it is crucial to wash hands with soap to avoid contaminating the food and avoid contracting illnesses.

2. Kills Germs

Washing hands with soap is the most effective method to kill germs that cause illnesses. Germs are invisible to the naked eye, and even if hands look clean, they can still carry germs. For instance, kitchen and bathroom surfaces can be breeding grounds for bacteria like E. coli and Salmonella, leading to infections. Regular hand washing with soap helps to lower the risk of diarrhea, typhoid, and other infectious diseases.

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3. More Effective than Hand Sanitizer

Washing hands with soap is more effective in removing dirt, oils, and germs compared to using hand sanitizers, according to a study by the American Society for Microbiology. To be most effective, hands should be washed with soap and running water. Soap helps to break down viruses and bacteria, which then get washed away with running water. Hand sanitizers can also be handy but are not as effective at removing dirt and oils.

4. Prevents Antibiotic Resistance

Regular hand washing with soap can help in preventing the emergence and spread of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that are becoming a significant public health concern. Antibiotic resistance is when bacteria stop responding to antibiotics, making it challenging to control infections. By promptly washing hands with soap, we can reduce the number of antibiotic-resistant bacteria that survive and spread.


Hand washing with soap is a simple yet effective way to prevent illnesses and promote better hygiene practices. It is crucial to wash hands regularly and thoroughly before handling food, after using the bathroom, after coughing or sneezing, and after being in public spaces. By incorporating this habit into our daily routine, we can prevent the spread of infections and lead a healthier life.

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Umar Usman is a health article writer with 3 years experience. He has a particular interest in writing articles on mental health and healthy lifestyles.

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